We’re excited to announce the launch of our newly updated courses. The courses now have more modules covering more topics. We are keen to hear your feedback.

Glossary

Useful definitions

Aotearoa: The Māori name for New Zealand, meaning ‘Land of the Long White Cloud’.

Ara: Ara is a Māori word that means ‘path’ or ‘way’, indicating the direction or route consultants must follow to continue their work.

Cultural Competence: Cultural Competence refers to understanding, respecting, and working effectively with people from diverse cultural backgrounds. It involves knowledge, skills, and attitudes that enable individuals to engage in respectful and meaningful interactions with people from different cultures.

Cultural Safety: Cultural Safety is a concept that originated in nursing and is now widely used in health care and social services in New Zealand and Australia. It refers to a practice that ensures the cultural needs and perspectives of individuals, families, and communities are recognised and respected and that services provided are culturally appropriate and safe.

Hapū: Hapū is a Māori term for a sub-tribe or clan consisting of several extended families with a shared ancestry, history, and land. It is a fundamental unit of Māori society and governance and is essential in decision-making, resource management, and community building.

Hauora: Hauora is a Māori term for health and well-being and encompasses the physical, mental, spiritual, and social dimensions of health. It is a holistic concept that reflects the interconnectedness of all aspects of a person’s life and is central to Māori health philosophy and practices.

He Korowai Oranga: ‘He Korowai Oranga’ is a Māori health strategy aiming to improve the health and well-being of Māori communities in New Zealand communities.

Indigenous: A term used to describe the original or native inhabitants of a particular place or region with a historical or cultural connection to the land.

Iwi: Iwi is a Māori term for a tribe consisting of multiple hapū (sub-tribes) with shared ancestry, history, and culture. It is a fundamental unit of Māori society and governance and is essential in decision-making, resource management, and community building.

Kaupapa: Kaupapa refers to principles, values, and agendas guiding Māori collective action. It is a central concept in Māori culture and is often used to describe Māori-led initiatives, organisations, and research projects driven by Māori priorities and aspirations.

Māori: The indigenous people of New Zealand. The Māori language, culture, and traditions are integral to New Zealand’s identity.

Oranga: Oranga is a Māori concept of holistic well-being, encompassing physical, emotional, social, and spiritual health. It is an essential concept in Māori culture and values and is central to Māori healing and traditional medicine.

Pākehā: Pākehā is a Māori term for New Zealanders of European descent and is also used to refer to European culture and customs. It is a term that carries historical and cultural significance and is often used in discussions of race, identity, and power dynamics in New Zealand.

Tangata Whenua: A Māori term meaning ‘people of the land’ or ‘indigenous people’, used to refer to the Māori people as the original inhabitants of New Zealand.

Te Aka Whai Ora: ‘Te Aka Whai Ora’ is a Maori term that means ‘the vine that seeks life’. It is often used in a figurative sense to refer to personal growth, development, and well-being.

Te Tiriti o Waitangi: The Treaty of Waitangi, signed in 1840, is a founding document of Aotearoa, New Zealand. It is an agreement between the British Crown and Māori chiefs that established British sovereignty over New Zealand while guaranteeing Māori authority over their lands and resources.

Tikanga: In Māori culture, ‘tikanga’ refers to customs, protocols, and practices that guide behaviour and relationships.

Tino rangatiratanga: Tino rangatiratanga is a Māori term that can be translated as absolute sovereignty or full authority. It is a critical concept in Māori culture and refers to the right of Māori to determine their affairs, manage their resources, and exercise self-determination.

Tohunga: Tohunga is a Māori term for an expert or practitioner of traditional Māori knowledge, skills, and practices, highly respected in the community for preserving and transmitting Māori culture and traditions.

Whakamaua: Whakamaua is a Māori term that means to take hold of, hold fast, and hold firm. It is often used in the context of achieving a goal or outcome. ‘Whakamaua’ can also refer to the ‘Whakamaua: Māori Health Action Plan 2020-2025’, which is a strategic framework developed by the New Zealand Ministry of Health in partnership with Māori health leaders and communities to improve the health and wellbeing of Māori people.

Whānau: Whānau is a Māori term for family, encompassing not only immediate family members but also extended family, ancestors, and future generations. It is a central concept in Māori culture and values and emphasises the importance of strong family connections and support networks.